If a joint becomes locked or restricted in any particular direction then you may experience pain and/or stiffness. Joint mobilisation techniques focus on attaining a normal range of pain-free joint motion. Joint mobilisations usually involve applying force that would mimic the glide that happens in between the bones. The passive movement applied is usually done at a slow speed, with or without oscillations or a stretch. This technique is usually graded from 1 to 5, and is varied based on two factors: pain tolerance of the patient and the severity of the patient’s condition.
Any joint that is lacking sufficient motion may be mobilised. This includes the spine; mobilisations on the vertebrae of the neck, middle and lower back and sacroiliac joint, as well as to all of the joint of the extremities such as the shoulder, wrist, hip, knee, foot and ankle.